By Sarah J. Barnes on July 14 2018 16:44:04
Once students have a basic familiarity with fractions, the next step is to understand how to compare fractions. Sometimes the concept of denominators takes a little time to grasp. Often students will confuse a larger denominator with a larger value for the fraction, when in reality the numerator, not the denominator, expressed the actual value being represented. The size of the numerator relative to the denominator is what ultimately describes the actual value of the fraction.
It all starts here with addition! Learning addition is the first step on your way to subtraction, and makes up the foundation of all of the strategies used to teach multiplication. These math fact timed tests and multiple digit addition problems should make up the core of your strategies for teaching addition concepts, but when you are ready for alternative strategies:
- Picture Math Addition.
- Addition Flash Cards.
- Addition and Subtraction Grid Puzzle Worksheets.
Once you have built an understanding of the concept of division you can try using these division worksheets. When teaching early division you should also discuss that division has an opposite. Discuss how division is about separating sets, while the opposite type of math, called multiplication is about combining sets. Explore this relationship with your child as it will be important when recalling basic facts to solve division problems. Introduce fact families (e.g. 5 x 3 =15, 3 x 5 = 15, 15 ÷ 3 = 5, 15 ÷ 5 = 3).
If the answers numerator is greater than the denominator, then the answer is an improper fraction. This fraction should be turned into a proper fraction by taking wholes out of the numerator until the numerator is less than the denominator.