By Susan J. Ward on August 01 2018 04:06:21
The goal of kindergarten math curriculum is to prepare children for first grade math:
~ To count by rote at least to 20, but preferably a little beyond.
~ The concepts of equality, more, and less.
~ To count backwards from 10 to 0.
~ To recognize numbers.
~ To be able to write numbers.
~ To recognize basic shapes.
~ To understand up, down, under, near, on the side, etc. (basic directions).
~ To understand the concepts of addition and subtraction with small numbers.
~ Expose the student to two-digit numbers.
It all starts here with addition! Learning addition is the first step on your way to subtraction, and makes up the foundation of all of the strategies used to teach multiplication. These math fact timed tests and multiple digit addition problems should make up the core of your strategies for teaching addition concepts, but when you are ready for alternative strategies:
- Picture Math Addition.
- Addition Flash Cards.
- Addition and Subtraction Grid Puzzle Worksheets.
Ask family to quiz you on your multiplication tables. Once you have studied them enough to know them well, ask your family to quiz you on the tables you have just learned. This will help you remember them long term and keep the numbers fresh in your head. When you have all the tables memorized, ask them to quiz you on all of the numbers, not just one number at a time.
That still leaves the problem of memorizing a string of numbers, and here’s where the magic is. Teach children to skip count to the tune of a simple song. Have you ever wondered why children can learn the lyrics to songs so easily? It is because music can be used as a Mnemonic device, that is a strategy to assist with memorization. If you can associate the numbers with the sounds in a song, the children will not only learn them faster, but retain them much longer than they would memorizing them exclusively through repetition.